First Aid & Avoiding Accidents
Should an accident occur, it is wise to phone your veterinarian at once. If the injury is serious, or if time is critical as in poisoning, shock or snake bite, his instructions for quick restorative measures may prove effective until you can deliver the dog into his skilled hands. In simple mishaps, let your common sense dictate.
Simple Cuts, Scratches. Wash with a good suds and rinse. Trim away the hair with small scissors. Apply a mild antiseptic such as Tincture of Merthiolate. If none is handy, make up the time-honored Dakin Solution by diluting one part Clorox with four parts of water. Deep wounds into muscles and tendons always require treatment by your veterinarian.
Burns and Scalds. Cover the surface with Vaseline, Unguentine, butter or lard. Take care that infection does not occur. Serious burns over a large area require immediate attention by a veterinarian.
Torn Nails and Dew Claws. Clip away the broken portion with nail clippers (available at pet shops). Apply antiseptic powder to stop bleeding. An adhesive bandage, or cotton held in place by adhesive tape, serves well as a dressing.
Eye Injuries. Wash the injured eye with clean water, and apply a few drops of mineral or castor oil to protect the eye until you can get your dog to the veterinarian.
Bee Stings, Insect Bites. Apply a past of bicarbonate of soda or plain starch. If the dog is covered with swelling bites, their poisonous effect requires the immediate attention of a veterinarian.
Ticks. Douse the tick with alcohol and remove it with tweezers. Make sure you get the head, which is buried in the skin. Do not touch the tick yourself – for fear of infection with the serious Tick Fever.
Electric Shock. If the cord the dog has chewed is still in his mouth, pull out the plug before touching the dog to avoid shock to yourself. Give artificial respiration by moving the dog’s forelegs up and down. Phone your veterinarian for instructions at once and treatment that may help the dog survive a severe shock.
Breaks and Fractures. Do not move the dog more than necessary. Keep the injured bones immobilized to prevent further injury to cartilage. Ease a board under the dog’s body while driving him to the veterinarian.
Poisonous Snake Bites. Act fast! With a razor or sharp knife cut across the wound, then cut again at a right angle. Press toward the cuts to push out as much poison as possible. On a leg, apply a tourniquet above the cut while treating. Rush to your veterinarian.
To Make the Dog Vomit. Put several tablespoonfuls of salt far back on his tongue – close his mouth til he swallows – or if he can swallow liquid, give the same amount of salt or mustard in a solution, or a half-and-half mixture of 3% peroxide and water. Vomiting should occur in two minutes.
To Give an Antidote. Milk or slightly beaten white of egg is generally effective. Give the specific antidote if you have learned it. Give vinegar for alkali poisons; bicarbonate of soda for acid poisons; Epsom Salts for lead poisons; peroxide for the phosphorus of some rat poisons.
Give a Physic. A teasonspoonful of Epsom Salts in a little water is effective. Do not administer a human cathartic if it contains strychnine.
To Avoid Accidents –
- Do not give bones that splinter.
- Keep “household poisons” out of reach. These include rat and roach poisons, alkalis, drain cleaners, paints, garden sprays, and bug poisons.
- Keep electric cords above the floor, wound up out of reach.
- Keep in trays out of reach; safety pins closed.
- Keep garbage cans covered.
- Keep your dog off streets and roads.
- In cars, park in shade, lock doors, lower windows for air, but not enough for dog to jump out.
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Flint River Mills, Inc.
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